17. Gender balance
1. The State must promote full gender balance in Zimbabwean society, and in
a. the State must promote the full participation of women in all spheres of
Zimbabwean society on the basis of equality with men;
b. the State must take all measures, including legislative measures, needed to
i. both genders are equally represented in all institutions and agencies
of government at every level; and
ii. women constitute at least half the membership of all Commissions and
other elective and appointed governmental bodies established by or
under this Constitution or any Act of Parliament;
c. the State and all institutions and agencies of government at every level
must take practical measures to ensure that women have access to
resources, including land, on the basis of equality with men.
2. The State must take positive measures to rectify gender discrimination and
imbalances resulting from past practices and policies.